Mediterranean diet and risk of rheumatoid arthritis

Mediterranean diet and risk of rheumatoid arthritis: findings from the French E3N‐EPIC cohort study

The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been reported to be associated with significant reduction of non‐communicable diseases, according to a recent study. This study, a French prospective cohort including 98,995 women since 1990, aimed to assess the relationship between adherence to the MD and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis, especially in high‐risk individuals.

Adherence to the MD was assessed using a 9‐unit dietary score evaluating consumptions of vegetables, legumes, cereal products, fish, meat, dairy products, olive oil, and alcohol. HRs and 95% CIs for incident RA were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression models adjusted for age and for the main potential confounders including smoking.

Results suggest that adherence to the MD could reduce the high risk of RA among ever‐smoking women. Read more.

Source: Arthritis & Rheumatology

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